Crochet Abbreviations

By Rachel Choi – 234 Comments
Abbreviation
Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( ) work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed
* repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed
* * repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a given set of instructions
: instructions after (to the right of) the colon indicates the total stitch count for the row
alt alternate
approx approximately
beg begin/beginning
bet between
BL back loop(s)
bo bobble
BP back post
BPdc back post double crochet
BPsc back post single crochet
BPtr back post treble crochet
CA color A
CB color B
CC contrasting color
ch chain stitch
ch- refers to chain or space previously made: e.g., ch-1 space
ch-sp chain space, the space made by the chain
CL cluster
cm centimeter(s)
cont continue
dc double crochet
dc2tog double crochet 2 stitches together
dec decrease/decreases/decreasing
dtr double treble
FL front loop(s)
foll follow/follows/following
FP front post
FPdc front post double crochet
FPsc front post single crochet
FPtr front post treble crochet
g gram
hdc half double crochet
inc increase/increases/increasing
lp(s) loops
m meter(s)
MC main color
mm millimeter(s)
oz ounce(s)
p picot
pat(s) or patt pattern(s)
pc popcorn
pm place marker
prev previous
rem remain/remaining
rep repeat(s)
rnd(s) round(s)
RS right side
sc single crochet
sc2tog single crochet 2 stitches together
sk skip
sl st slip sitich
sp(s) space(s)
st(s) stitch(es)
tch or t-ch turning chain
tbl through back loop
tog together
tr treble crochet
trtr triple treble crochet
WS wrong side
yd(s) yard(s)
yo yarn over
yoh yarn over hook

Feel free to leave a comment if there are crochet abbreviations that are missing or if you need further explanation of an abbreviation. Your input is greatly appreciated!

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234 Comments

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  22. Sunshine says:

    i am self taught and this helps out big time, thank you so much

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  25. Sue Johnson says:

    This may sound like a really stupid question, especially since I have been crocheting for over thirty years, but I am not satisfied with my edges when I turn to go to the next row. Is there a correct direction to turn so that the edges look finished? Should I turn the finished work clockwise or counterclockwise?

    • Rachel says:

      Sue, you can turn either way. Being that you’ve been crocheting for 30+ years, you are probably doing it correctly. Maybe you can add a simple single crochet edging to your work to give it a more finished look.

      • Sue Johnson says:

        Thank you so very much for your prompt reply. I attempted to thank you earlier, but my e-mail wasn’t working properly. I love all of the things that you have and the straight-forward instructions that you provide. I can hardly wait to add some of your things to my crochet “collection”, especially some of the kitchen and bath items. Once again, thank you and Happy New Year. Sue Johnson

  26. Becky says:

    Hi Rachel, I have a pattern with Fphdc and Bphdc – do you know what these would be? Thank you, Becky

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  32. NatNet says:

    What does “break off” means? Wow do I do that?

    Thank you so much,

    NatNet

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  39. Mary says:

    Hi! I am new in the crochet world. I love it. I need help with “dc in next sc, 9 dc in next ch-7sp”. What I really confuses me is the ch-7sp. I do 9 dc in the one ch sp and leave 7 sp, & do the next stitch which would be dc in next sc. Please help. Thank you for your free patterns.

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  41. Sheila says:

    My question is, how do you do,”sc2tog? I have been crocheting for many many yrs and this is the first time I have ever seen this. Thank You,Sheila

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