Crochet Abbreviations

By Rachel Choi – 239 Comments
Abbreviation
Description
[ ] work instructions within brackets as many times as directed
( ) work instructions within parentheses as many times as directed
* repeat the instructions following the single asterisk as directed
* * repeat instructions between asterisks as many times as directed or repeat from a given set of instructions
: instructions after (to the right of) the colon indicates the total stitch count for the row
alt alternate
approx approximately
beg begin/beginning
bet between
BL back loop(s)
bo bobble
BP back post
BPdc back post double crochet
BPsc back post single crochet
BPtr back post treble crochet
CA color A
CB color B
CC contrasting color
ch chain stitch
ch- refers to chain or space previously made: e.g., ch-1 space
ch-sp chain space, the space made by the chain
CL cluster
cm centimeter(s)
cont continue
dc double crochet
dc2tog double crochet 2 stitches together
dec decrease/decreases/decreasing
dtr double treble
FL front loop(s)
foll follow/follows/following
FP front post
FPdc front post double crochet
FPsc front post single crochet
FPtr front post treble crochet
g gram
hdc half double crochet
inc increase/increases/increasing
lp(s) loops
m meter(s)
MC main color
mm millimeter(s)
oz ounce(s)
p picot
pat(s) or patt pattern(s)
pc popcorn
pm place marker
prev previous
rem remain/remaining
rep repeat(s)
rnd(s) round(s)
RS right side
sc single crochet
sc2tog single crochet 2 stitches together
sk skip
sl st slip sitich
sp(s) space(s)
st(s) stitch(es)
tch or t-ch turning chain
tbl through back loop
tog together
tr treble crochet
trtr triple treble crochet
WS wrong side
yd(s) yard(s)
yo yarn over
yoh yarn over hook

Feel free to leave a comment if there are crochet abbreviations that are missing or if you need further explanation of an abbreviation. Your input is greatly appreciated!

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239 Comments

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  21. Alys says:

    In Example 3 in “How to Read Crochet Patterns” (http://www.crochetspot.com/how-to-read-crochet-patterns/ ) it says “make a double crochet stitch in the next 3 stitches”. Does that mean make one double crochet stitch in EACH of the next 3 stitches – i.e., make three double crochet stitches altogether? Or does it mean make literally “a double crochet stitch” – i.e., make only one stitch in total that somehow stretches over the next three stitches (presumably by dc’ing in the just the middle stitch in those three stitches)?

    • Rachel says:

      Hi Alys, you’ll make a double crochet stitch in each of the next 3 stitches, so that you’ll have a total of 3 double crochet stitches.

    • Beverly says:

      Yes, Ali, you are right. Make a dc in the next 3 sts does not mean make 3dc in the next 3 sts. No! It does (as you guessed) mean to make 1 dc in each of the next 3 sts.

      If it were to be 1 dc over the nxt 3 sts, it would be a reverse shell and this would be that the next three sts are all worked up together into just 1 st.

      You’re doing great at understanding how to read patters. Feel free to ask anywhere that people crochet and they’ll be more than happy to help you with any crochet related question.

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  50. Kathy says:

    Hi,
    I have an abbreviation in a crochet pattern, crocheting a square in Aran wool, even moss stitch. It states Ss into 3rd ch from hook. Does Ss mean Sc = single crochet. Thank you Kathy

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