Crocheting Hats Without PatternsBy Corinne Munger – 21 Comments
|Hats are one of my favorite accessories – they help me express my mood on any particular day. If it’s super cold, it’s the “furry, no-named animal” hat that says I’m feeling “a little wild” today. My bulky yarn rolled brim says “I’m feeling preppy!” Then there’s my flat top, large flowered, multi-colored, multi-fiber yarn that states that I’m feeling artistic and love color! And there’s always the “Bad Hair Day Beanie” that I can just throw on and head out the door without spending an hour getting to know my curling iron better.|
Whatever your likes, there’s a pattern out there. In my experience in crocheting, there are really only 3 styles of hats you need to learn to make a very wide array of different hats.
1) The Beanie Shape – generally shaped as a cone with a rounded top. These are great, easy to make hats for everyone and probably the most common one in the pattern world. You can adjust the beginning of the pattern to make the top of the hat pointed. You can make it short to wear as a cap, a little longer will give you a brim to fold up, longer than that and you can roll the brim – and longer still, and you have more of a stocking cap (remember those?). This is a very adaptable shape to make a wide variety of hats.
2) The Beret – is shaped with a “larger-than-the-circumference-of-your-head” circle and then tapered down to fit your head snugly. The most recent, popular version of the beret is the Tam or “Slouchy Beret”. This later style was brought into light from Rastafarians as they wear this type of hat to encompass their thick dreadlocks. The look is relaxed and carefree. The more colorful, the more authentic they are. This style has become very popular in recent years and is seen worn by a variety of people. The beret, still worn by many, is much smaller in diameter than the authentic Tam, but the concept is the same – a large circle that’s tapered down to fit the head. You may know this style through photos of artists wearing them slightly cocked on the side of their heads.
3) The “Top Hat” – I call it this because of its cylinder shape. The pattern generally starts out with a circle about the same size as your head’s circumference, it has straight edges down the side and has a brim. The length of the sides and the brim greatly change the whole look of this style of hat. A long side with a short brim would remind most of the type of hat that Abraham Lincoln wore – or a formal Top Hat seen on a man in a tuxedo. A shorter side with a medium brim is a very cute, stylish hat for any woman and can probably be adapted for a man as well (maybe made in natural fiber as a fishing hat?). A short side with a very large brim is considered a Sun Hat. You can also make this same wide brim to be wavy – very feminine and a great protector from the sun. There are many variances of this style as well – which is probably why it’s my favorite.
Crocheting Hats without Patterns
A) When making a beanie, you will start with a small circle (usually 6 or 8 stitches) crocheted into the first sc of a ch 3. As you add rounds you will increase by that many stitches in every row. In other words, if you start with 6 stitches the next row is 12 stitches, then 18, then 24, then 30 and so on (increasing by 6 stitches every row at the same spot as you increased in the previous row). Once you reach the size of the head you’re crocheting for, you stop increasing to begin construction of the sides, for as many rows as you want the length to be. Remember: a short side will just be a cap, longer will give you a brim to fold and even longer will allow you to roll.
B) For the beret shape, you will make a circle that is very large. You will increase as if making a beanie – but don’t stop when you reach the size of the wearer’s head – keep crocheting and making it larger. How much larger is a personal preference. A little bit larger and you will have more of a French Beret – a lot larger, a Tam. It depends on what look you’re after. If you’re making it to hold a head of dreadlocks, keep measuring the size by holding it up to the wearer’s head of hair to make sure it’s large enough. Once you’ve crocheted to the size you want your circle, it’s time to taper it down towards the actual size of the head. The average, adult head size is 22”. If you’ve made a circle that’s 26” (use a FABRIC tape measure to find out – or use your old pi equation), then you would need to bring the hat in by about 4” – by decreasing your stitches – in the same place where your increases were in the previous rows. One way to determine when that is, is by making a chain that fits your head. Count the number of chain stitches and decrease your hat to that many stitches (or close to it). Remember, crocheted hats really stretch! If you want your hat to be snug, then make less stitches. This will all vary to the type of yarn and size crochet hook you’re using.
C) For the top hat shape, you will start with a circle the same circumference as your head – this is roughly 22” for an adult. After which you simply stop increasing and continue to crochet around to the desired length of your side. To add a brim, you will need to start increasing again, generally in the same way you increase to make the initial circle. If you want it to be a wavy brim, you’ll increase more than usual.
There are thousands of hat patterns available on the internet – both free and for purchase. Once you get the basic patterns down, you’ll be creating your own designs with ease. Or just take a crack at it WITHOUT a pattern. I’m sure you’ll be surprised with your result! Good or bad, you’ll learn from it! Happy crocheting and experimenting!
Need help while crocheting? Feel free to leave a comment below and I’ll help you out!