How to Make a Crochet Color ChartBy Rachel Choi – 17 Comments
Have you ever wanted to make a blanket with a particular picture, logo, or symbol on it but couldn’t find a pattern for it? Maybe an afghan with cute teddy bears on it or a throw with you’re college mascot? In this tutorial I’ll discuss how you can make your very own color chart so that you can use it as a guide while crocheting. Color charts are commonly used to create blankets, but they can always be used to create designs on any item you can imagine, from bags, hats, sweaters, etc. If you’ve never worked with color charts before, feel free to learn about How To Read Color Charts before making your own.
1. Determine your gauge with your desired stitch.
To start, determine the stitch you want to crochet your item with. Often times single crochets, Tunisian simple stitches, or double crochet stitches are used when working with color charts. But you can use just about any stitch you desired. Once you’ve decided which stitch you want to use, make a gauge swatch with your stitch. The exact size of your swatch isn’t relevant, but if it’s too small it may be hard to measure you’re swatch. A swatch that is 4″ – 8″ should be fine. To determine your gauge, count the number of stitches it took to make the width of the swatch and the number of rows it took to make the height of your swatch. For example, a gauge may be 16 single crochets = 4″ wide and 16 rows = 4″ tall.
2. Determine your finished size and the number of stitches and rows required.
Now it’s time for a little math! Write down the dimensions of the item you want to crochet. Use the gauge to determine how many stitches and rows will be required to make the finished size you desire. For example, if you want your finished size to be a 20″ square, and your gauge is 16 single crochets = 4″ wide and 16 rows = 4″ tall, you’ll need a total of 80 single crochets on each row and 80 rows to make a 20″ square.
3. Calculate scale and chart size.
To calculate scale, you must decide how many stitches each block on the color chart will represent. On simple color charts, one block will represent 1 single crochet stitch. However, if you are using a different stitches or if you’d rather have a different scale, each block can represent 2 or more stitches. You want the blocks to represent a set of stitches that will look like a square when crocheted. For example, 3 double crochets next to each other may look more like a square compared to 2 double crochets, which may look more like a rectangle. Once you’ve decided what your scale will be, you can determine your chart size. For example, if you determined your finished size requires 80 single crochets on each row and 80 rows, and each block will represent 1 single crochet stitch, then your chart will be 80 blocks wide and 80 blocks tall.
4. Draw/chart your picture.
Now that you know the size of your chart, it’s time for the fun part! Drawing your picture can be done in a number of ways. You can use the old school method of drawing your chart on graph paper. Or you can draw it on the computer with any drawing software you’d like. Just remember to have the correct number of blocks on your chart. You can use as many colors as you desire to make your picture, but only one color can go into each block. If you have a picture that you already want to use, you can draw a grid over it.
Have fun making your own color charts! Need help while making your chart? Feel free to leave a comment below and I’ll try my best to help!